Wicca and witchcraft information

Thank you for visiting the Wicca Pentacle’s page on Wiccan and Pagan terms. The entries are added to and changed so please visit us again soon for more information.

If you come across some estoric term and would like it explained please email us at info@wiccapentacle.org.uk

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Abramelin Magic : A system of magic as explained in The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abra-Melin, supposedly from the 15th century but thought more likely to be 18th century.
Alexandrian Wicca : a branch of Wicca developed by Alex and Maxine Sanders based on Gardnerian practice.
Anabaptism : a belief that baptism should be administered only to believing adults.
Animism : Wicca is a form of Animism. Animism is a belief that the Divine power or force exists within everything in the physical universe. Believers are known as Animists.
Æsir [approximate pronunciation = Eezir ]: a name given to the ruling dynasty of the Norse gods.

Black Thor : Renowned and revered temple to the Norse god Thor which was built in Dublin, Ireland in Viking times.
Book of Shadows : originally a collection of works by Aleister Crowley [1875 - 1947] describing witchcraft rituals.

Charge of the Goddess : invocational verse based on mediæval Tuscan witches’ ritual. This has been rewritten several times in the 20th century by Wiccans.

Coven : in olden times, claimed to be a group of thirteen witches. Nowadays used to describe any group or meeting of Wiccans or Witches

.Dee, John : [1527 - 1608] an alchemist, mathematician and astronomer who was astrologer to Queen Elizabeth I .

Doxology : a liturgical form of praise to a god.

Elements : in Alchemy, the world is made of four elements Fire, Water, Air and Earth.

Eschatology : that part of theology concerned with death and final destiny.

Fairy : an Earth-bound Nature spirit, also a spiritual and chaotic expression of reality.

Futhorc [The] : the collective name for the Runic letter system, or alphabet. The name comes from the first five letters of the Runes

Garderian Wicca : a branch of wicca practised by adherents of the system of Wicca developed by Gerald B. Gardner, a British Occultist [1884 - 1964].

Green Man : a pagan deity or symbolic woodland spirit and tote. Often depicted as a head surrounded by oak leaves or painted green, usually carved in wood or stone.

Handfasting : a formal ceremony of marriage in front of witnesses, used by some Wiccans and other pagans.

Hedgewitch : a name adopted by some witches or Wiccans who practise on their own rather than in a group or coven.

Initiation : a ritual, or series of rituals of admission involving an invocation at a coven meeting established for that purpose.

Karma : the Hindu term for causality, from the ancient Sanskrit for action or deed.

Kratophany : a manifestation of Divine power.

Magic : the principles, practices and knowledge enabling humans to have control over Nature.

Metaphysics : the theoretical philosophy of being and knowing.

Norns : the three spirits of fate in Norse mythology ... Urd - that which was, Verdandi - that which is becoming, and Skuld - that which is to come .

Ostension : the phenomenon of a legend becoming a real event .

Pentacle : a five pointed star, a Wicca symbol used in ceremonies and magic corresponding to the human head outstretched arms and feet. Also pentagram.

Radiesthesia : the theory and practice of dowsing, or diving, using maps and pendulums.

Rosicrucianism : a fraternity of alchemists, scholars and esoteric researchers formed in the 17th century. Modern societies were formed in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Sex Magic : a system of gaining spiritual power by harnessing and preserving sexual energy, also Tantrism an ancient Eastern philosophy.

Sigils : symbols endowed with magic qualities [latin - sigillum: seal] A focus of magical energy such as a pentacle or a designated Rune. Sigils may be adopted as amulets, talismans or magic items for use in rituals.

Theophany : the belief that Nature is a manifestation of the Divine in all of Its forms.

Web of Wyrd : the Anglo-Saxon term for the fabric of existence as spun by the three Norse Norns.

Winter God : the Mid-winter spirit who originally flew across the Mid-winter sky on a sledge drawn by a team of eight legged horses. This may have developed into the character of Father Christmas, or Santa Claus

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